Gemstones – An Introduction

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Gemstones have always interested human beings from time in memorial. In the past, they were relegated to the rich and the elites in the society. They were featured in their cutlery, household assets and jewelry among other valuables. They have been passed over the years in various family lineages. Today, they still attract the same attention and are pricey. We are all mesmerized by their   unique  colors and shapes. They feature distinct mineralogy characteristics. They can fall upon various categories depending on color, cut, clarity and rarity upon other determinant factors.

What Characterizes Gems?

The stones can be categorized depending on several factors. However, typically they are grouped based on these factors;

Chemical Composition

A gemstone can comprise of one pure element or it can be a product of a mixture of several mineral compounds. Most gems contain both oxides and silicates which give them a characteristic color.

The structure of the crystal

Precious stones can be either a single crystal, a collection of massive microscopic crystals such as diamond or an amorphous compound. The crystallized stones can take many forms such as hexagonal, cubic and tetragonal among other sophisticated shapes. These kind of stones require careful cutting to ensure that the shape of the crystals is maintained.

Optical features

The optical characteristics of many gemstones are derived from their crystal structure and chemical composition. Color is one of the main feature that define gems. Most of them exude stunning hues when light shines upon them. Some will even portray a mixture of colors making them very adorable. Precious stones are also classified depending on their refractive indices. The refractive capability will vary among various minerals. Clarity is a common term when classifying gems. Some minerals have  unique  inclusions which can be crystals of other elements, gas or liquid cavities. Such inclusions help in the identification of the stones.

Specific gravity

This is defined as the ratio of a density of a gemstone relative to that of water. Some minerals such as amber floats effortlessly on salty water. Others such as diamond will sink regardless of the weight of the crystal.

Durability (Hardness)

Not every gem is resistance to breakage. Some such as nephrite are a bit soft whereas diamond is the toughest of them all. All these characteristics among others such as the availability of the mineral helps in placing the gemstones either as precious or semi precious. The hardness of a crystal can be measured by Mohs hardness scale from 1- softest to 10-hardest.

Assessment of Quality of Gems

Four factors are considered while determining the quality of gems. Color is a crucial aspect when evaluating a colored mineral. There are three qualities of color namely hue, saturation and tone. Hue is the position of the mineral on the color wheel, it can be red, black, orange, blue and such like. However, there will be variations of a single hue position such a darker and a lighter green and so forth.

Another crucial consideration is clarity. This is gauged by assessing the presence of inclusions in the mineral. Some stones will have inclusions while others do not feature any impurities whatsoever. If the inclusions are strategically placed and are few, they can enhance the beauty of the stone.

Thirdly, cut is another important quality that dictates the value of a particular gemstone. The main factors that are checked include; shape, cutting style, symmetry and finish.

Lastly, it is the carat weight. This is an essential consideration for anybody who is dealing with gems. One gram is equivalent to five carats. The price of the stone increases with the increase in the metric weight in carats.

Horoscopes

Based on the above factors, a gemstone can be precious or semi precious. Precious stones are the hardest and are rare, whereas semi precious stones are typically soft and in abundance. However, there are some variations. For instance, opals and pearls are regarded as precious although they are soft, owing to their rarity. Precious gemstones have high price tag as compared to semi precious stones.

Also they are those gemstones which relate to horoscopes. They are widely used in gemstone horoscope reading. They are nine zodiac signs namely Aries, Gemini, Taurus, Leo, Cancer, Virgo, Scorpio,Libra, Sagittarius and Capricorn. Each star indicates the position of sun at the time of birth. Some of the stones that are primary stones of astrology include diamond, sapphire,emerald and ruby. According to experts gemstones can help in counteracting the negative occurrences of ones life in future. Hence, they advise that one should wear a gemstone that represents their star.

For instance, those whose zodiac sign is Leo should sport Ruby or Citrine whereas those in Aries should wear Coral. For Taurus the individuals should wear diamond and those who their star is Gemini are supposed to wear emerald. Also, Cancer should wear pearls, Libra should go for diamond and Scorpio should wear obsidian or coral. Sagittarius should sport topaz and Capricorn individuals should wear blue sapphire. Although, each person is supposed to wear a particular gemstone, one can still combine two or more gemstones to accrue great therapeutic benefits. If a person like a particular crystal but it is not their birthstone, they can still get it nonetheless.

Buying gemstones is not a smooth ride but the above information can get you a real gemstone.

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Silver Wedding Rings

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The Meaning of the Silver Wedding Ring

Silver wedding bands are really popular in the world we live in today. Along with gold and white gold, silver tops the list of most popular precious metals used to make wedding rings all across the globe. But, where did the wedding ring originate? And what is the meaning behind this precious metal that holds the key to so many hearts? By tradition, the brides ring was silver while, and the grooms’ would be gold. But, today almost any type of metal may be used for the wedding ring of both the groom and the bride. Silver wedding bands are traditionally placed on the left hand and on the ring finger. The reason for this placement on the hand goes back many years as far as medieval times.

The wedding band is placed on the ring finger because of the belief that a vein in that finger runs directly to the heart, making the wedding ring a symbol of love and commitment. The silver wedding ring symbolizes eternal love between two people, it is considered to be one of the most romantic of precious metals, and is often combined with diamonds. These beautiful rings make the perfect gift for anniversary, engagement, and of course, make the perfect wedding bands.

Silver Wedding Rings and Where to Buy Them

Every fine jewelry store across the nation and beyond sells high quality silver wedding bands. They can be bought online, but it is a good idea to go to a jeweler and have the ring sized perfectly for your finger, although if you are sure about your ring size ordering ready made rings too are a good choice. There are many to choose from. Wedding bands come in all different styles and can be great for men or women, because the variety of styles can be either masculine or feminine. Nowadays, a lot of people prefer the look of silver with diamonds, which makes for a very sophisticated and glamorous look. Although they are somewhat expensive, silver wedding rings are a great choice when choosing the right wedding ring for you.

A few of the styles that are popular with silver rings are the original wedding bands, Celtic silver wedding bands, and braided bands, just to name a few. Some people like the look of the classic wedding band – it is simple, clean, and relatively lower in price than those containing white gold or diamonds. But some times, it is the precious stones combined with the silver wedding band that really completes the look.

Silver wedding ring is all a choice of taste; in some cases, people even have them engraved with special names or words. And a lot of jewelers will allow you to have your rings engraved for no extra charge. You should always choose a ring that reflects your personal style and has a comfortable fit. You should accept nothing but one that you absolutely love because in most cases you will be wearing it for a considerable long time. Remember that silver is a precious metal and it can be costly depending on the ring, but mostly they are reasonably priced, and there are hundreds of ready made rings to choose from. But no matter the cost the silver wedding ring is a symbol love, and should be cherished.

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Paper Wings Clothing – The Latest Trend in Kids Fashion

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All children are unique and they need kids clothing to fit their personality. If you are searching for the best clothing for your kids, come into the world of Paper Wings clothing. The Australian brand mixes past, present and future ideals for fashionable and creative children’s fashion design. Paper Wings clothing is influenced by eclectic fashion, traditional crafts, old-school design and vintage patterns, new fashion trends and contemporary style. From bold patterns and colors, stripes and artistic prints, they create beautiful outfits for babies and kids, for girls and boys.

Jason Gibaud and Michelle Fallon are the lead designers and owners of this unique kids designer clothing label. They find inspiration in their own children – Vevette, Esther and Kitty. When designing Paper Wings clothing and Little Wings fashion for kids, they decided to focus on what their kids would want to wear. That is why this brand is practical, comfortable and fun! This boutique kids clothing line celebrates the freedom of being children, dressing like children and feeling like children.

The essence of Paper Wings clothing comes from Jason and Michelle’s experience and success in costume design, film production and architecture/interior design. Jason and Michelle both have a professional background designing costumes for Moulin Rouge, Star Wars and Peter Pan. As a result, Paper Wings offers beautiful, casual wear for kids that looks like a work of art. Jason and Michelle develop all of their ideas for kids clothing in their design studio in Northern New South Wales, Australia.

Every piece of stylish clothing for kids is designed to be worn every day, over and over again. The clothes are long-lasting and popular with kids and their parents. All Paper Wings outfits are individually made and hand-finished to the last detail. Many cute outfits for girls feature adorable little touches like drawstrings, puff sleeves, bustles, ruffles and bright, zany prints. This popular brand of boutique kids clothing is committed to create premium clothing products with durable, natural fibers like 100% organic cotton.

In 2014, this boutique clothing brand partnered with graphic artist Katie Daisy to feature a collection of designs with shabby chic illustrations. Katie Daisy works primarily in watercolor and acrylic paint and mixed media. She find her inspiration in simple & sweet country pleasures. Katie grew up in rural Lindenwood, Illinois, which is true inspiration for her free-roaming, passion-filled life and a beautiful portfolio of her artwork. Katie Daisy became famous through her illustrations, inspirational quotes and artwork for sale on Etsy. Paper Wings clothing and Katie Daisy both stand for the freedom and joy. That’s why the partnership was an excellent choice for childrens clothing. The illustrations give a one-of-a-kind look to an already stylish brand of clothing and dresses for kids.

Be sure to check out Paper Wings Clothing on your next shopping trip for kids clothing online. You will find stylish outfits for kids ages up to 14 years (girls and boys) as well as cute baby clothes with sizes starting at newborn. This designer kids clothing collection offers t-shirts, dresses, leggings and skirts featuring simple designs and adorable motifs such as mermaids, fish, cats and horses. And guess what… there are swimsuits, too! Paper Wings clothing has beautiful boutique kids clothes fit for any occasion and everyday wear. You will love it forever!

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Teenager Travels Through Time With Hunky King Tut in New YA Novel

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Fifteen-year-old Rosa is one of those rare people gifted with the ability to hear the dead speaking to her. Usually, however, the dead are pesky people who want to talk to her while she’s busy doing things like taking math tests; in one such instance, when she tries to get rid of the dead person so she can concentrate, she finds herself in a shouting match and is soon after sent to the principal’s office.

Of course, no one believes Rosa can really speak to the dead, so her life isn’t easy, but it’s about to get a lot more interesting. Rosa is already obsessed with Ancient Egypt, but she can hardly believe it when King Tut not only starts speaking to her, but he appears before her eyes. Once she gets past noticing what a hunk he is, she realizes he’s trying to enlist her on a time travel mission that not only seems impossible but downright dangerous.

Hunk or not, Tut has his heart set on his ancient love, his wife, Ankhesenpaaten. They have been separated for centuries, but now she is trying to communicate with Tut through Rosa, and Tut needs Rosa’s help to lead him to his love’s final resting place.

Time travel does indeed happen, and before Rosa knows it, she’s witnessing Tut’s life story as well as facing the fierce General Horemheb, who succeeded Tut’s family as pharaoh and wants to wipe out all traces of Tut’s family history in Ancient Egypt. Before the story is over, Rosa will find herself channeling the dead, being locked up in a tomb, and discovering that all the gold in King Tut’s tomb is of little value compared to true love.

Cheryl Carpinello’s new novel Sons of the Sphinx is a riveting madcap ride through a fascinating time in Ancient Egypt’s history. Readers meet not only King Tut but his controversial father, King Akenhaten, and his famous stepmother, Queen Nefertiti. Insights are given into ancient life, and Egyptian mythology is explored. Best of all, the story is both fun and educational, which led to its designation as a “Literary Classics Award Winning Book.” The book also has a glossary in the back of Egyptian gods, people, places, and terms.

Cheryl Carpinello, as a longtime educator and the author of several other young adult books, including Guinevere: On the Eve of Legend and The King’s Ransom, knows how to entertain young readers in a way that makes them want to learn more. And as an adult reader, I learned a lot about King Tut and his time that I didn’t know, and I now want to learn more, so if I feel that enthusiastic about this book, I can just imagine how excited I would have been as a child reading this book. I’m certain it’s destined to be a favorite among young readers.

A companion volume to the book, titled Tutankhamen Speaks, is also available; it tells King Tut’s full life story in his own words.

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All About The Features of Apple iPhones

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There are many great and   unique  features to the iPhone. Not only does it display modern technology but it displays the beginning of new technology. There are many great iPhone features but I will only tell you about the best. The iPhone has a great email sending quantity which lets you send up to five pictures through each email. Another great feature is when you are playing your music and someone is calling you, the music player will automatically pause for you to take the call. Then it will automatically resume once you are done with the call.

If you want to access all your iPhone files on the computer, you just have to plug it into the computer and wait a little time for it to sync its contents to the computer. The iPhone has a great display and sound quality when you are watching YouTube videos. The iPhone is basically a small laptop but it is made to fit your hand, which is very convenient. If you want to change your viewing screen from portrait to landscape, you just turn it 90 degrees and it will automatically change the viewing screen. Now how cool is that. Another iPhone feature that is related to that one is when you are on your music player and want to switch the playing sequence to shuffle, you just shake the iPhone and you will automatically switch to shuffle mode.

Reading has also modernize along with the iPhone features. The iPhone has a great application called iBooks which lets you read books on the iPhone. The iPhone also has another great application called FaceTime Video Calling which allows you to video call with anyone as long as you have WI-FI connectivity. Whenever you do not have your iPhone with you and you fear that you might have some missed calls, the iPhone will display it on its screen when you go to unlock it. You can have a great auto-fill option on the phone which you can fill out registrations automatically. But it only gets better lets say if you give your children a iPhone for Christmas and want to put parental controls on it, you can easily do that by putting a pass code on what you restrict on the iPhone.

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Disaster Recovery Services Help Companies Stay in Business

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Most companies have a plan for addressing unexpected issues, but many lack a plan for surviving a climactic event such as an earthquake or pandemic. Although most companies never experience such an event, those that do can go out of business unless they have a business recovery plan in place-a plan that is tailored to their   unique  needs by a provider of disaster recovery services.

The Reality of Data Loss

Since the beginning of organized commerce, companies have used important information to help them make sales. In the past, this information was held as common knowledge or stored in physical filing systems. Today, it is stored mainly in computers-devices that simplify data storage, but can be more susceptible to destruction than physical files. For example, research shows that most disk drives malfunction when they are dropped from a height of three feet, and tape cartridges do not fair much better.

The solution, of course, is not to revert to storing data in physical filing systems, but to store it offsite on the servers of a disaster recovery service. How important is storing data offsite? Consider the following statistic: After experiencing a major data loss, seventy percent of small companies close their doors within a year. The same thing can happen to large companies when a major event destroys onsite data and a recovery plan is not in place.

Choosing a Provider

The first step in choosing a provider of disaster recovery services is to realize that a business recovery plan consists of more than offsite data storage. Many companies offer cloud-based storage, but few companies combine cloud-based storage with a full range of recovery options. With this in mind, companies should concentrate on evaluating providers that offer the following options as a part of the recovery plan:

  • Hardware on demand– When an event destroys a company’s hardware, having data stored offsite is just one part of the solution. The company also needs hardware on which to recover the data, and use until a permanent solution is reached.
  • Recovery testing– Given the serious nature of data loss, a company must test the recovery plan before it goes into effect. The test should be conducted using the hardware the company would use if the plan were carried out.
  • Center-based solutions– Some companies require conditioned floor space to test and/or carry out the recovery plan. The provider should accommodate this requirement.
  • Basic and advanced options– Because different companies have different needs, the provider should offer basic and advanced options that meet the needs of every customer.

These options provide companies with a complete recovery plan, one that is testable, supportable with hardware on demand, and anticipates the needs of the recovery environment.

Conclusion

A business recovery plan from a provider of disaster recovery services helps companies remain solvent in the wake of events such as earthquakes or pandemics. If your company is not protected against such events, identifying service providers based on the information above is a good place to start.

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I Dare You! By William H Danforth – A Book Review

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Title and Author: I Dare You! by William H. Danforth

Synopsis of Content:

In this mid 20th Century motivational classic the author, a successful businessman and crusader for youth programs in St. Louis, Missouri, William Danforth dares you and any other reader to do great things and to be great. Originally published in 1953 it has been republished by several sources in recent years.

Although the book is aimed at youth and young adults challenging them to become more than they might first believe possible it has motivational value for all ages. Danforth was a strong believer that we limit ourselves and that by seizing opportunity and believing in our virtually unlimited potential we could exceed all expectations, including our own, and dare to be great.

In addition to providing raw motivational material the book discusses seven primary areas, called “dares” where the author challenges the reader to go deeper and strive further in life. They include adventure, accomplishments, strength, creativity, magnetic personality, character, and the willingness to share what you have. These qualities will be recognized as common to most success books and materials published over the past two centuries. What distinguishes Danforth’s little book is his framing his challenge as a dare.

While the attributes which Danforth promotes are found in works by Marsden, Hill and others the daring approach used by this author is unique. It appealed to the young and youthful, whether it be the high school aged children who attended his summer camps or the young men entering the business world.

Readability/Writing Quality:

The Executive Books edition is only 144 pages. It is easy to read, having been aimed at young people. It may appear somewhat na├»ve and simplistic by today’s standards. However the motivational truths in this work are no less true today than they were over 60 years ago.

Notes on Author:

William Danforth was the founder and long time President of the Ralston Purina Company. He also served as President of the American Youth Foundation and was very active in the YMCA. During his summers he devoted his time to training and helping less fortunate young people at summer camps in Michigan and elsewhere. He died in 1956.

Three Great Ideas You Can Use:

1. “Wealth, notoriety, place, and power are no measure of success whatever. The only true measure of success is the ration between what we might have done and what we might have been on the one hand, and the thing we have made and the thing we have mad of ourselves on the other”.

2. Each of us has four hidden giants or resources which we must develop constantly to attain greatness. These include the physical, the mental, the social and the spiritual aspects. To attain a balanced and powerful life you must nourish each of these aspects fully.

3. Continuous learning and improvement are essential to achievement. The author recommends a program of reading not less than one book per month. It will pay you back many times.

Publication Information:

I Dare You! by William H. Danforth. Copyright 2009 by Executive Books in the form presented in their publication. Published by Executive Books, Mechanicsburg, PA.

Over-all Rating for Book: Fair

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How to Win at Online Slots Games

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Being a winning slot machine player is impossible. All slot machines are specifically designed in order to give the house a long term edge, so the house will always come out ahead if you play long enough. The only real way to counteract the house edge on slot machine games is to play a game with a really big jackpot, bet the max every time you play, and hope that you hit the jackpot. Then when you do hit the really big jackpot, guess what you do next? Stop playing that game.

Don’t get me wrong. I’m not saying that you shouldn’t play slot machines. In fact, I think slot games, especially the really good ones, are a lot of fun. But you want to keep in the forefront of your mind that mathematically, what you’re doing when you’re playing a slot machine on a long term basis is paying for entertainment. You can calculate how much you’re paying for that entertainment by multiplying the house edge times your average bet times your number of spins per hour.

For example, if you’re playing a slot game with a payout of 95%, then the house edge is 5%. (The casino keeps 5% of every bet you make long term.) And if you’re average bet is $3, then you’re going to pay an average of 15 cents per spin to the house. (5% times $3.) Assuming you’re making 500 spins per hour, that game costs you $75/hour to play, which may or may not be a reasonable price for you entertainment. That depends on your bankroll.

Something else to factor into your calculation is how much the perks and bonuses you’re getting back from the casino are worth. If you’re playing in a land-based casino where you’re getting free drinks while you play, then you can subtract the cost of those drinks from you’re hourly cost. (Or you can add the cost of those drinks to the value of the entertainment you’re receiving–it’s just a matter of perspective.) My recommendation is to drink top-shelf liquor and premium beers in order to maximize the entertainment value you’re receiving. A Heineken can cost $4 a bottle in a nice restaurant. Drink two Heinekens an hour, and you’ve just lowered what it costs you to play each hour from $75 to $68.

Slot clubs also give back a percentage of your losses each hour, so definitely be sure you join the casino’s slot club and ALWAYS use your card to track your play. There’s absolutely no reason not to do this. Casinos also reward their larger slot players with comps like meals, show tickets, and free rooms, which all add up to reduce the amount of money you’re spending each hour that you’re playing on their machine.

So how to be a winning slot machine player? I’d sum it up by saying know how much it’s costing you to play each spin and each hour, take advantage of all the comps and the perks, and go for the big progressive jackpot.

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How to Do the Marseille Turn

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The Marseille Turn is a beautiful 360 soccer turn trick, unique to the game of soccer, which involves the player spinning 360 degrees on the field while trying to avoid an opponent and retaining control of the ball.

The trick is sometimes referred to as the Zidane Spin or the 360 turn. The trick was popularized by Diego Maradona and perfected by Zinadine Zidane, although it has been used by many other soccer players including Cristiano Ronaldo, Michael Laudrup, Franck Ribry, Lionel Messi, and Ronaldinho.

The Marseille Turn is the most effective when the opposing player is approaching head on first or from the side of the trick performers master foot.

Before starting to practice this move, you will either need another player or a box on the ground to simulate another player. This will help you visualize the trick easier, than trying to practice against thin air.

Step 1: Push the ball in front of you, about one step in front of you.

Step 2: Try to lure your opponent to go after the ball.

Step 3: When the ball is just outside your opponent’s reach, you stop it by putting your left foot on the ball.

Step 4: Pull the ball backward and turn your body 90 degrees to the right simultaneously.

Step 5: You should receive the ball with your right foot and your back to your opponent. Place your right foot on the ball and continue your rotation to the right.

Step 6: Place you right foot over the ball and slide it past your opponent.

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A Dance With Dragons Audiobook: Maximizing Your Listening Experience

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If you were an avid fan of fantasy novels full of larger than life creatures and creepy but powerful villains, “A Dance with Dragons” by George R. R. Martin would be perfect for your taste. It is the fifth book of the author’s seven epic fantasy novels (A Song of Ice and Fire series) and it offers a completely refreshing take on the already fantastic story. However, living in the fast-paced digital world has its own drawbacks. For one thing, almost everything that you need and want can be accessible online, and this makes many people busier than ever. Nevertheless, do not let your super tight schedule get in the way of leisure reading because there is a way to do this. It is through “A Dance with Dragons” audiobook.

The audiobook version of “A Dance with Dragons” is a great technique when it comes to imagining what’s going on with the book at any time, even when you’re doing something else. Whether you are driving or working out, it is a relaxing way to keep your minds off of things. The audiobook has many features. These are as follows:

Unabridged Audiobook

The audiobook version of “A Dance with Dragons” is unabridged, which means you will hear every word that was written in the novel. Nothing is left out. This may pose a negative aspect to some people but to George R. R. Martin enthusiasts, this is certainly good news. After all, you would want to hear everything that he has written to get that full listening enjoyment in this 49-hour audiobook.

Published by Random House Audio

Random House is currently the biggest publisher of books in the world. It has become a household name for many major companies and authors. This business is so huge that they even have their own audiobook department, which is where the audiobook version of “A Dance with Dragons” was born. This truly says a lot and this only goes to show that you can expect nothing but the best when it comes to this fantasy novel. The audio quality is nothing short of amazing and that will totally give you your money’s worth.

Narrated by Roy Dotrice

The audiobook version of “A Dance with Dragons” is created without cutting any corners; that’s for sure. Its narrator is Roy Dotrice, a Tony Award winning, Broadway British actor that has made his way to fame through his exemplary acting skills. You can certainly feel the emotions that G. R. R. Martin wrote and trying to expose. Roy Dotrice’s soothing, almost melodic voice can stun, bewilder, and frustrate you all at the same time, making it effortless to imagine the climactic scenes in this fantasy epic novel.

There you have it. These factors make the audiobook so special. Not only that the story can magically lure and captivate you, the crystal clear, unabridged version of this book makes the experience all the more exciting and fun. By the end of the day, it is all about ensuring a high quality product that can enhance all the features of the book and “A Dance with Dragons” audiobook can seamlessly provide that.

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